Measurement Abbreviations

 

Abbreviation

Measurement

C

Celsius Centigrade

F

Fahrenheit

c.

cup

doz.

dozen

fl. oz.

fluid ounce

g.

gram

gal.

gallon

gms.

grams

hr.

hour or hours

kil. or kg

kilogram

l.

liter

lb.

pound

mil.

milliliter

min.

minute or minutes

oz.

ounce or ounces

pkg

package

pt.

pint

qt.

quart

sq.

square

tbsp., Tbsp. or T.

tablespoon

tsp. or t.

teaspoon

Recipe Equivalents

3 teaspoons

1 tablespoon

4 tablespoons

1/4 cup

5 1/3 tablespoons

1/3 cup

8 tablespoons

1/2 cup

10 2/3 tablespoons

2/3 cup

12 tablespoons

3/4 cup

16 tablespoons

1 cup

1 tablespoon

1/2 fluid oz.

1 cup

8 fluid oz.

1 cup

1/2 pint

2 cups

1 pint

4 cups

1 quart

2 pints

1 quart

4 quarts

1 gallon

 

 

Fluid Measure

In the United States, liquid measurement is not only used for liquids such as water and milk, it is also used when measuring other ingredients such as flour, sugar, shortening, butter, and spices.
  Tsp. Tbs. Fluid
Oz.
Gill Cup Pint Quart Gallon
Tsp. 1 1/3 1/6 1/24 1/48 - - -
Tbs. 3 1 1/2 1/8 1/16 1/32 - -
Fluid Oz. 6 2 1 1/4 1/8 1/16 1/32 -
Gill 24 8 4 1 1/2 1/4 1/8 1/32
Cup 48 16 8 2 1 1/2 1/4 1/16
Pint 96 32 16 4 2 1 1/2 1/8
Quart 192 64 32 8 4 2 1 1/4
Gallon 768 256 128 32 16 8 4 1
Firkin 6912 2304 1152 288 144 72 36 9
Hogshead 48384 16128 8064 2016 1008 504 252 63
 

Dry Measure

Dry measurements are not typically used in US recipes; dry measurements are used mainly for measuring fresh produce (e.g. berries are sold by the quart, apples by the bushel, or peck). Do not confuse dry measure with liquid measure, because they are not the same.
  Pint Quart Gallon Peck Bushel Cubic
Feet
Pint 1 1/2 1/8 1/16 1/64 0.019445
Quart 2 1 1/4 1/8 1/32 0.03889
Gallon 8 4 1 1/2 1/8 0.15556
Peck 16 8 2 1 1/4 0.31111
Bushel 64 32 8 4 1 1.2445
Cubic Feet 51.428 25.714 6.4285 3.2143 0.80356 1